Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya on Thursday released the national report of the fifth round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) at ‘Swasthya Chintan Shivir’ held in Vadodara of Gujarat.
Gujarat Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel and Union Minister of State for Health Dr Bharati Pravin Pawar were also present on the occasion.
The report includes detailed information on key areas of population, health and family welfare and related areas such as population characteristics, fertility, family planning, infant and child mortality, health maternal and child health, nutrition and anemia, morbidity and health care, women’s empowerment. etc
The NFHS-5 survey work was conducted in approximately 6.37 lakh of sample households from 707 districts across the country from 28 states and 8 UTs, covering 7,24,115 women and 1,01,839 men to provide disaggregated estimates down to the district level.
Its scope has expanded from the previous cycle (NFHS-4) by adding new dimensions such as death registration, pre-school education, expanded areas of childhood immunization, micronutrient components for children , menstrual hygiene, frequency of alcohol and tobacco consumption. , additional non-communicable disease (NCD) components, an expanded age range for measuring hypertension and diabetes in all ages 15+, which will provide the inputs needed to monitor and strengthen existing programs and develop new ones. policy intervention strategies.
The NFHS-5 shows overall improvement in SDG indicators across all states and UTs. The extent to which married women typically participate in three household decisions—healthcare for themselves, major household purchases, visiting family or relatives—indicates that their participation in decision-making is high, ranging from 80% in Ladakh to 99% cent in Nagaland and Mizoram.
The prevalence of women having a bank or savings account they use has risen from 53 percent to 79 percent over the past 4 years, the health ministry said in a statement.
According to the report, between NFHS-4 and NFHS-5, the use of clean cooking fuels (44% to 59%) and improved sanitation facilities (49% to 70%), including a hand washing facility with soap and water (60% to 78%) improved significantly.
The NFHS-6 to be conducted in 2023-24 proposes to cover new areas such as Covid-19 hospitalization and distress funding, Covid-19 vaccinations, Direct Benefit Transfers (DBT) under various social protection schemes initiated by the Center, migration, use of health services – health and welfare centers, health insurance, etc., the ministry said in the report.
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