Family health

National Family Health Survey-5: Improvement in PU, by Key Indicators

LUCKNOW: Only 1.5% of women aged 30-49 in Uttar Pradesh have ever had a cervical cancer screening test in their lifetime, according to findings from the National Family Health Survey -5 (NFHS-5).

Findings released Wednesday indicate that many health indicators have improved in the state. Less domestic violence with women was reported in the family survey, while the sex ratio also improved.

In urban areas 1.1% and in rural areas 1.7% of women surveyed said they had been screened, revealing that rural women performed better in cervical cancer awareness and screening. the uterus.

The number of women aged 30 to 49 who had ever had a breast examination for cancer was low at 0.4% in both rural and urban areas surveyed.

Doctors said women still need to prioritize their health, especially when it comes to diseases such as cervical and breast cancer. “Women often feel shy to talk about their health issues. Whether it’s body aches or a lump in the breast, they refrain from seeing a doctor unless it’s unbearable. Women need to pay more attention to their health to ensure that they utilize the improved health facilities in the state,” said Dr. Amita Shukla, Chief Gynecologist, SC Trivedi Memorial Trust Hospital.

Similarly, the number of women who had ever had an oral cavity examination for cancer was only 0.6% in both urban and rural areas. When the same question was asked of men, 1.1% said they had done so. Among urban men, the ratio was 1.0% and among rural men, it was 1.2%.

The National Family Health Survey 2020-21 (NFHS-5), the fifth in the NFHS series, provides population, health and nutrition information for India and each state/union territory ( UT). It also provides district-level estimates for many important indicators.

Indicators show that the use of family planning methods and institutional delivery has increased and that diarrheal infections among children have decreased.

The data indicates that breastfeeding up to six months of age has increased from 41.6% to 59.7% in five years and the overall vaccination graph has increased from 51.1% to 69.6 %. “People in the state are now more aware of children’s health. Myths have been eliminated, hence program implementation has become smooth and the credit also goes to the field staff,” said Dr. ved Prakash, GM, Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram.

Violence between spouses

Less domestic violence with women was reported in the family survey. In total, 34.8% of married women aged 18 to 49 reported having experienced domestic violence. This figure in the same age group in NFHS-4 was 36.8%. In urban areas the ratio was 32.7% and rural areas 35.5% according to NFHS-5.

When married women aged 18-49 were asked if they had experienced physical violence during pregnancy, 3.7% said yes compared to 4.3% in the NFHS- 4.

When young women aged 18-29 were asked if they had experienced sexual violence before the age of 18, a total of 0.7% answered yes, compared to 1.1% in the NFHS-4.

Sex ratio shows improvement in Uttar Pradesh

The sex ratio also showed an improvement in condition. The sex ratio of the total population (females per 1,000 males) reached 1017 in the NFHS-5 compared to 995 that was reported in the NFHS-4, conducted between 2015 and 2016. According to the data, the urban sex ratio is of 1036, better than rural which is 961.

The sex ratio at birth has also improved in NFHS 5, as the data shows 941 females per 1000 males compared to 903 in NFHS 4. In rural areas of the state, this ratio is 943 and in urban areas of 933.